THE EMIGRATION

FROM LEHIGH CO. PA

TO SENECA CO. OHIO

By Stephen J. Hartzell


The following story appeared in the Allentown, Pennsylvania, Free Press on September 3, 1879, and was reprinted in the Tiffin, Ohio, Evening Herald on September 6, 1879.

It was written at a time when about 700 people came from Allentown to Tiffin with the Liberty Fire Company. The week was filled with tournaments, contests, parties, and all other things that would go along with a fireman's convention.

Although the city of Tiffin was expecting only about 254 people, they somehow made accommodations for 700. The result was an event which proved to be a raving success.

For our purposes, the most important thing about this article is that it deals specifically with the ongoing emigration from Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, to Seneca County, Ohio, in the old Northwest Territory, during the years that followed the War of 1812. After 1845 many of these people used the railroad, but most continued to travel over the hills of Pennsylvania, and into Ohio on ox drawn carts, which were large enough to carry many of their belongings. Many cherished items, though, had to be left behind for want of space. Of these emigrants, some eventually continued west while many remained in the young Ohio county. Of those who continued west, many returned to Seneca County in future years, as was the case with my ancestor, Reuben Hartzell, and his family. They went west, to Indiana in 1868, only to return in 1875 and live out the remainder of their years in Seneca County, Ohio, the place they had come to call home.


Allentown Free Press
September 5, 1879

"THE GERMAN PEOPLE"

Of the nearly 700 People who left Allentown on Sunday night with the Liberty fire company's excursion to Tiffin, Ohio, there were few who did not have some relative or acquaintance in the Ohio town which with its vicinity was long the destination of all Lehigh County people who went west. Tiffin is a prosperous and growing town in a progressive farming district, where agriculture is carried on with all the improved facilities for money making; the farmers are rich, and, we must admit it, there are some particulars in which they, as Pennsylvania Germans have advanced far ahead of those left behind them when they bid adieu to the Delaware, the Lehigh and the Schuylkill.

It has frequently been remarked with truth that nothing can excel the value of the Pennsylvania German to the country to which he emigrates. Retaining all the inherited industry of his ancestors in a new country, he affords a rare combination of careful thrift regulating a liberal enterprise. He seems to have broken through the conservative hands that restrain him, and to have taken a spirit of progressiveness which send him easily to the front. He builds the schoolhouse, is forward in improvements of all kinds, and while spending money freely for public and private benefits, he pays as he goes in both a public and private capacity.

It is as though a solid, long unused, but accumulating increasing fertility and richness through the passing years had felt the first tickle of tile hoe and had pushed into blossom a variety of energies which it is not supposed to possess. and this figure leads to an explanation of why the same men do not do at home what they accomplish with such signal ability and power in other localities. They are the same heads and hearts and hands, in one place as another. But in the past it has been true that all the splendid natural faculties of the Pennsylvania German at home have been held in obevance by the fact that he spoke a language without grammar or literature of any kind, which concealed from him the channels in which he might compete for the lead among men; and which did not inform him of the methods by which men achieve distinction and power and build up the highest material prosperity.



THE LEHIGH EMIGRANTS
The following is a listing of the families that are known to have settled in Seneca County, Ohio, once residents of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. It should be noted that some of these people did not come directly to "the Sandusky Country", or more specificly Seneca Co., but lived for a time elsewhere. This steady stream of emigrations continued for at least 75 years. The reasons for this trend early on was likely cheap land and the opportunity to start fresh and earn a better livelyhood. Also word of mouth and the press played a big role in the continuation of this striking trend, which was repeated again and again as young America continued to "Go West".

Rev. Eli Keller was one of these emigrants, and he wrote the following.

"The movement was not a hasty one, but one matured and carried out after long consideration. It was well understood that there was better land westward, which could be cultivated with more ease and better results; that the use of lime on the land, so peculiarly galling to them, could be dispensed with. It was also understood that in the State of Ohio education, morality, and religion stood on a higher plane."

The date of the first appearance known by me is given.
  • Jacob & Catherine (Block) Hill - June 1823
  • Charles, Reuben, James, Wm., Daniel, Christina, Elizabeth & Melinda Hill - c/o Jacob & Catherine - 1823
  • William & Sarah (Johnson) McEwen - 1923
  • James Burnside - 1823
  • George & Mary (McEwen) Saul - 1826
  • Henry & Hannah (Swander) Hall - 1828 
  • Solomon & Catherine Robenalt - 1828
  • James & Mary (Brobst) Swander - 1830
  • Josias "Jesse" & Susanna (Fry) Romig - 1830
  • George & Anna Elizasbeth Burger - 1830's
  • John & Sarah (Boyer) Burger - 1830's
  • Casper Dick - 1831
  • John & Mary Barbara (Diehl) Bowerman - 1831
  • Henry & Christina Neff - 1832
  • Andrew Martin & Leah (Neff) Meyer - 1832
  • Sarah German (later Kirschner) - 1832
  • John & Salome (Kistler) German - 1832
  • Harriet (German) Kistler - 1832
  • Michael & Mary (Hoppes) Kistler - 1832
  • Johann Henrich Kistler - 1832
  • Thomas & Sarah (Blair) Swander - 1833
  • Peter & Maria Magdelina (German) Wuchter - 1833-38
  • Joseph & Mary (Rary) Hilsinger - 1835
  • Henry & Susanna (Roesser) Moore - 1836
  • John & Elizabeth (Kopp) Moore - 1836
  • Jacob Moore - 1836
  • Henry & Phillipina (Fenstermacher) Bennehoff - 1836
  • Johannes Peter & Catherine (German) Hensinger - 1837
  • John Henry & Rebecca (Linebaugh) Briney - 1838
  • John Shidler - 1838
  • Jacob Shidler - 1838
  • Solomon & Anna (Rader) Bennehoff - by1840
  • Edward H. & Mary (Trexler) Swander - 1840
  • John Sr. & Elizabeth (Glick) Swander - 1842
  • Solomon & Salome (Litzenberger) Glick - 1842
  • Samuel & Lydia (Shellhammer) Pontius - 1842
  • Francis & Estella (Swander) Trexler - 1842
  • William & Sarah (Swander) Burkhalter - 1842
  • William & Mary Ann (Swander) Snyder - 1842
  • Caroline (Swander) Sohn - 1842
  • Nathan & Susanna (Meyers) Butz - 1843
  • Peter & Sarah Elizabeth (Harpster) Bennehoff - by 1844
  • Edward & Elizabeth (Swander) Knauss - 1844
  • Phillip Wehr - by 1845
  • Lucy Ann (Wehr) Schock - by 1845
  • Nathaniel & Lidia (Swander) Glick - 1845
  • Augusta & Hanna (Strauss, Benninghoff) Schiffert - 1845
  • Stephen & Lavina (Kaul) Strauss - 1845
  • Henry W.  & Hannah (Swander) Kunkle - 1845
  • Mary Anna (Wuchter) Meyers - 1845
  • Nathan & Leah (Wagner) Meyers - 1845
  • John & Elizabeth (Eisenhard) Myers - 1845
  • Henry Strausbaugh - 1847
  • John Henry (Henrich) - 1847
  • Joseph Henry (Henrich) - 1847
  • Lewis & Esther Shubert - 1847
  • Daniel Shubert - 1847
  • Reuben & Sarah (Schiffert) Hartzell - 1847
  • James H., Harrison W. & Hiram L. Hartzell - 1847
  • Solomon & Judith (Cook) Litzenberger - 1847
  • James & Catherine (Meyer) Hartzell - 1847
  • Paul & Carolina (Steinberger) Hartzell - 1847
  • Henry Strauss - 1847
  • David & Mary (Derr) Strauss - 1847
  • Jacob & Elmira (Litzenberger) Eisenhart - 1847-48
  • Isaac & Judah (Stienberger) Strauss - 1848
  • Edward Wenner - 1848
  • John H. & Ellenore (Stein) Glick - 1848
  • Uriah Huber (adopted son of John H. Glick) - 1848
  • John Joseph & Mary Ann (Acker) Woodring - 1848
  • Alvin Acker - 1848
  • Henry and Christina (Glick) Bacher - 1848
  • Abraham & Mary A (Bacher) Honsberger - 1848
  • Daniel & Mary Ann Swander - 1848
  • George Swander - 1848
  • Isaac & Catherine (Billig) Wannamaker - 1849
  • Asia & Eliza (Kaull) Rohm - 1849
  • William Rhoads - bef. 1849
  • Joseph & Christina A. (Brinkerhoff) Swander - 1849
  • David & Sarah (Ritter) Bunn - by 1849
  • David B. & Lydia (Litzenberger) Burger - 1849
  • James A., Charles & Edward Milton Burger - 1849
  • Thomas Dixson - by 1850
  • William & Clarissa Schmoyer - 1852
  • John & Barbara Hartzell - 1852
  • Samuel Swander - 1852
  • Tilghman & Hanna (Lineberger) Litzenberger - 1853
  • Lavina (Schiffert) Wiese - 1854
  • Abraham Knappenberger - 1854
  • Daniel Hartsell - 1855
  • William H. Glick - 1855
  • John & Catherine (Swander) Glick - 1855
  • A. L. Gangwer - ca. 1855 (later to Kansas)
  • Jacob & Mary (Litzenberger) Samsel - 1856
  • Rev. Eli Keller - 1856
  • David George - by 1857
  • Harrison Benjamin & Eliza Amanda (Hiskey) Acker - 1858
  • Jacob Sell - by 1859
  • Henry & Henrietta (Strauss) Fatzinger - 1859-61
  • Martha Fatzinger - 1859-61
  • Jacob Derr - 1860
  • Edwin & Sarah Ann (Troxell) Frey - 1863
  • Charles & Susannah (Frack) Troxell - 1863
  • Alfred W. Troxell - 1863
  • Charles D. & Louisa (Gensenlither) Gangwer - 1864
  • Jonas Romig - 1865
  • Samuel & Mary A. (Meitzler) Horne - 1865
  • Benjamin Horne - 1865
  • Mr. & Mrs. Benjamin Meitzler - 1865
  • Reuben & Elizabeth (Potteiger) Conrad - 1865
  • William & Mary (Stopp) Wenner - 1867
  • William & Ellen (Raub) Transue - 1867
  • John Henry Frey - by 1870
  • James F. & Polly Ann Focht - 1870
  • William Wayne Winch - 1870
  • Francis Frederick Winsch - 1870
  • John A. Miller - 1870
  • Emeline (Keisberry) Luman - by 1871
  • James Seislove - 1871
  • Albert & Elizabeth (Werner, Schaefer) Goetz - 1875
  • James Oliver Haines - 1875
  • Jacob D. & Mary Ann (Zellner) Ehrhardt - 1876
  • William Henry & Sarah Ann (Kratcher) Bastian - 1876
  • Alfred W. & Mary (Seiberling) Bastian - 1877
  • George Hartzell - 1877
  • Alvin Jacob & Susannah Hartzell - 1877
  • Edgar Hartzell - 1877
  • Walter H. Hartzell - 1877
  • William H. Hartzell - 1877
  • Dr. B. F. Hittel - 1878
  • Oscar & Elizabeth Anna (Gachenbach) Groman
  • Obidiah Jacob Gernert - 1881
  • Barner) Smoykafer - 1881
  • John Smoykafer - 1881
  • Stephen Harrison Barner - 1881
  • Albert T. Lazarus - 1882
  • Morris Robert Groman - 1883
  • George Harrison & Mary (Hepp) Kichline - 1899
  • Ruth S. (Spatz) Mergenthaler - mid 1900's
  • DATE UNKNOWN
  • Harrison B. Archer
  • Hannah Bacher
  • John W. Bastian
  • Michael Bastian
  • Ferdinand & Elvina (Hoehle) Baumgardner
  • Jonas & Anna Maria (Remaly) Beidelman
  • Matilda Beidelman
  • John Bennehoff
  • Reuben Bennehoff
  • Rebecca Bring
  • Aaron & Anna (Acker) Clouser
  • Mrs. Acker (mother)
  • Henry & Anna Correll
  • Rev. David & Elmira (Weidner) Christman
  • Joseph & Mary Crossley
  • William Crossley
  • Caroline Crouse
  • Allison Deily
  • George & Elizabeth Deily
  • Enoch Dick
  • Eva Dick
  • Joseph & Mary Doerle
  • Albert Duley
  • Aaron Earich
  • David & Catherina (Eisenhart) Eberhard
  • Levi J. B. Ettinger
  • Dr. William H. Focht
  • Franklin Frederica
  • John L. Gahris
  • Peter & Elvina Gahris
  • Benjamin Gambee
  • Solomon Gambee
  • James & Sybilla Gangwer
  • James T. & Euphimia (Seagraves) Gangwer
  • Stephen Gangwer
  • John Garman
  • Lewis Garman
  • Jacob, Elizabeth & Rebecca George
  • Joseph & Sarah (Reimer) George
  • Salinda (Trexler) George
  • Conrad German 
  • John & Sallie Greenwald
  • Joseph Gries
  • Amilia Groman
  • Isaac & Christiana (Fisher) Hall
  • Reuben Harris
  • James Hawk
  • Diah Heilman
  • Willoughby Heilman
  • Reuben B. Hiskey 
  • Moses Houtz
  • James Huber
  • John J. Hunt
  • George Kaul
  • William Kaul
  • Susanna Keller
  • Wilson W. & Miranda I. Keller
  • Abraham Keiber
  • Jacob & Catherine Keiber
  • John A. Kerchner
  • Mathias & Lovina A. (Wannamaker) Kerschner
  • Thomas Keyse
  • Mary (Schaffer) Kirgis
  • Henry & Elizabeth (Mueller) Kistler
  • Johannes & Theresa (German) Kistler
  • John T. & Eve Kistler
  • John Kistler
  • Solomon Kistler
  • Ephraim Klaiss
  • Mary Ann (Trexler) Klaiss
  • George & Elizabeth (Shoemaker) Kopp
  • Elizabeth Kopp 
  • Moses & Rebecca Kramer
  • Mary Kramer
  • Abbey Kuder
  • Benjamin F. Kuder
  • James S. Kuder
  • Thomas A. Kunkle
  • Enos & Rebecca (Roth) Laros
  • Amos Peter Lentz
  • James Lohrman
  • Benjamin Lutz
  • J. E. Lynn
  • William S. Messer
  • Solomon Meyers
  • Valentine & Catharina (Wolf) Meyer
  • Elizabeth Moore
  • Francis Moore
  • William F. Muler
  • William Nagle
  • Alfred Harrison Neligh
  • John & Lydia Neligh
  • Rev. Madison Clinton Peters
  • Rev. Morgan A. Peters
  • Isaac & Elimina Raub
  • Michael & Sarah Reiter
  • Edwin F. Saylor
  • Nicholas & Elizabeth (Benner) Schaull
  • Andrew Schreiner
  • Caroline (Seiple) Andre
  • Jonas & Anna (Strauss) Seiple
  • Harrison A. Seiple
  • Tilghman Sellner
  • W. M. Shaffer
  • John Andrew & Matilda (Moll) Sechrist
  • William H. & Estella (Ludwig) Sechrist
  • Benjamin & Deborah Seiders
  • Jacob & Hannah Shankweiler
  • Ella Manda (Seiple) Snyder
  • Jane E. (Baumer) Snyder
  • Henry Louis Steckel
  • William & Caroline Steckel
  • William Harry & Etta (Richie) Steckel
  • Anna S. (Baker) Stinchcomb
  • James & Matilda E. (Baker) Stinchcomb
  • Henry Stolzenbach
  • Mary Ann (Baumgardner) Stolzenbach
  • Dewalt J. Swander
  • William Alford Swartz
  • George Thalman
  • John Trexler
  • Charles Troxel
  • Abraham & Mary (Tuttle) Wagner
  • Elizabeth (German) Wehr
  • Nathan & Barbara (Brong) Wehr
  • Rebecca (Schultz) Weidner
  • George Wiess
  • Jacob F. & Alice Elizabeth (Schaefer) Yeager (MOH Winner)

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